Resources - Bleeding and Shock

Key Stage 3

Activity 1

A pint of blood on a carpet looks very different to a pint of blood on a kitchen lino floor. It is important to be able to recognise different amounts of blood loss. To help see this, for this activity, you will need:

  • A large bowl or bucket
  • Measuring cylinder/jug
  • Old towel
  1. Fill the measuring jug with 1 pint of water.
  2. Pour the pint of water into the bowl. See how it looks in the bowl. Take a photo on a phone or tablet to be able to compare later.
  3. Pour the water back into the measuring cylinder.
  4. Place the towel into the bowl.
  5. Pour the water back into the bowl over the towel. See how it looks.

What do you notice between the amount of obvious water (blood) when the towel is in the bucket?

We need to consider how this looks when we consider the flooring the casualty is on and the amount of blood it looks like they have lost. If they are on grass or carpet, the blood will be absorbed.

Activity 2

Match the injuries to their descriptor.


Activity 3

For this activity, you will need a teddy bear or another member of the family. You will also need some items to use as a bandage and blanket.

As the first aider, you need to treat the casualty who has a major bleed to the back of the leg from a vein. The blood is pouring out of the back of the leg. Your casualty is looking pale, breathing is quick, the pulse is fast and they are
giddy. As time goes on they are getting more confused and yawning.

When you have applied the first dressing you find the blood comes through.

Actions

If you are not sure what to do, you can watch the video back for information. You should cover the following steps.

  1. Check the wound for an embedded object.
  2. If there is no embedded object, get them to put pressure on the wound.
  3. If you have something to protect them from the cold of the floor, put it on the floor.
  4. Get them to lie down on the floor and elevate the legs.
  5. Provide plenty of reassurance by talking to them.
  6. Apply a dressing to the bleeding leg.
  7. Remember you would need to call for the emergency services.
  8. As the blood has come through the first dressing, apply a second dressing.
  9. If you have an item available, cover them over to keep them warm.
  10. Monitor you casualty the whole time for responsiveness and breathing.

Key Stage 2

Activity 1

A pint of blood on a carpet looks very different to a pint of blood on a kitchen lino floor. It is important to be able to recognise different amounts of blood loss. To help see this, for this activity, you will need:

  • A large bowl or bucket
  • Measuring cylinder/jug
  • Old towel
  1. Get your child to fill the measuring jug with 1 pint of water.
    (You can add red food colouring if you are using an old towel which would not matter if it turns red.)
  2. Pour the pint of water into the bowl. Ask them to see how it looks in the bowl. Take a photo on a phone or tablet to be able to compare with them later.
  3. Get your child to pour the water back into the measuring cylinder.
  4. Get your child to place the towel into the bowl.
  5. Get your child to pour the water back into the bowl over the towel. Ask them what they see.
  6. Get them to compare the photo of the previous bowl of water and the bowl now. What do they notice?

We need to consider how this looks when we consider the flooring the casualty is on and the amount of blood it looks like they have lost. Highlight to your child that if they are on surfaces like grass or carpet, the blood will be absorbed and will look less than on floorings like tiles or lino.

Activity 2

Ask your child to match the injuries to their descriptor.


Activity 3

For this activity, you will need a teddy bear or another member of the family. You will also need some items to use as a bandage and blanket.

Ask your child to be the first aider. Inform them that teddy has a major bleed to the back of the leg from a vein. Inform them the blood is pouring out of the back of the leg and teddy is looking pale, with quick breathing, a fast pulse and is
feeling giddy. If your child does not treat teddy quickly. as time goes on, inform your child that teddy is getting more confused and yawning.

When your child has applied the first dressing, inform them the blood has come through the dressing.

Addition: When your child has finished treating teddy, you can play the role of the paramedic arriving and ask them for a handover. The handover should be concise (they could follow SAMPLE) and not a story. You can revisit the
session on 'how to get help' for information on handovers.

Actions

If you are not sure what to do, you can watch the video back for information. You are looking for them to follow these steps.

  1. Check the wound for an embedded object.
  2. If there is no embedded object, ask teddy or you to put pressure on the wound.
  3. If they have something to protect teddy from the cold of the floor, put it on the floor.
  4. Get teddy to lie down on the floor and elevate their legs.
  5. Provide plenty of reassurance by talking to teddy.
  6. Apply a dressing to the bleeding leg.
  7. Remember they would need to call for the emergency services.
  8. As the blood has come through the first dressing, they should apply a second dressing to teddy.
  9. If they have an item available, cover teddy to keep them warm.
  10. Monitor teddy the whole time for responsiveness and breathing.

Key Stage 1

There are no resources at this time.